Recent analysis suggests that Africa will only be able to achieve food security if it invests in crop intensification like increased fertiliser and pesticide input per hectare. But the expansion of agricultural production areas can also improve this.
A complicating factor in African agriculture is that most of the production comes from relatively small farms. Most of these are less than 2 hectares in size. This is much smaller than in Europe and the Middle East where most farms are greater than 10 hectares. In Latin America most farms exceed 50 hectares.
This means that addressing issues that affect small scale farmers’ productivity can play an important role in food security. Most farmers simply can’t afford pest management control. Often, these methods are lacking in rural areas. And where there are products it can be adulterated or misused.
Source: The Conversation